AID. Development through micro finance


Friedrich Graf v. Luxburg zu Carolath-BeuthenAutor: Friedrich Graf v. Luxburg zu Carolath-Beuthen
Tytuł: AID. Development through micro finance

For decades, the world has struggled with the problem of poverty. We are at a time of extraordinary technological development, but we still do not know how to deal with growing poverty. Research into the links between the influence of a wide range of aid concepts and urban development is essential to curb the growth of poverty.
The mosaic of reports from organisations around the world dealing with these problems, their sociological analyses and the analyses of the projects initiated by architects shows the need to link many different areas if poverty is to be combated more effectively and the quality of life of people worldwide is to be improved. The exact description of one of the best-known slums from various perspectives and the later presentation of the current picture as well as the statements made by slum dwellers themselves bear witness to the complexity of the problem and prove that solutions to the problem of hyperurbanisation can be found precisely there, within the local communities.

Table of Contents


Introduction / 9

The Evolutionary History of Slums / 11

The Age of Great Theories. Accelerated Development / 19

Building Slums / 27

UN Reports. Hyperurbanisation / 33

Presentation of Exemplary Forms of Development Aid. Microcredits, NGO Activities, Private Foundations / 35
The History of International Aid and Paradigm Shift / 36
Microcredits / 40
The Increasing Significance of NGOs / 46
Charitable Private Companies and Corporations / 52
Private Philanthropic Engagement / 57

The Causes of Poverty, Projections, Solutions – A Revolution / 61
How is Poverty Defined? / 62
The Causes of Poverty / 63
1. The Institutionally Based Theory / 64
2. The Geographically Based Theory / 66
The Importance of Demographics / 68
The Causes of Population Growth / 69
Population Growth and Poverty Level / 72
Food Production and Natural Growth / 77
Population Growth and Environment / 78
Poverty and Urban Growth Using the Example of LDC / 80
The Emergence of Slums Due to Increasing Economic Growth and Urbanisation / 83
Projections Using the Example of LDC / 86

Portrayal of Community in Slums / 91
The History of Kibera / 93
Demographic Leap / 94
Kibera Today / 100
Infrastructure / 103
The Nairobi Master Plan / 112
Nature / 118
The K-WATSAN Project / 120
The Map Kibera Project / 121

Sustainable Development. Cities of the Future. Architecture / 125

Conclusion / 141

Appendix / 143

The Definition of Slum / 141

Bibliography / 147